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Giftedness & Talent In Music

What is Giftedness/Talent?

The terms 'gifted' and 'talented' are often used in music, but what do they imply?

Gagne's Differentiated Model of Giftedness and Talent

Therefore... Giftedness is:

Based on this model, it can be proposed that 'giftedness' is a term used to describe individuals who are endowed with a natural or innate potential to achieve that is distinctly above average in one or more aptitude domains.


Aptitudes are innate or natural human abilities that can be observed in young children before they undergo any systematic training or practice.

On the other hand... Talent is:

'Talent' can be used to describe someone who can demonstrate superior performance as a result of some type of systematic training in a specific field of human activity.


Talent refers to outstanding performance in a specific activity that can be developed through learning and interactions with environmental influences such as parents, teachers, and peers, or even modified by the personality and motivation of the learner.

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